PL EN
Wydawnictwo
WSGE
Wyższa Szkoła Gospodarki
Euroregionalnej
im. Alcide De Gasperi
BOOK CHAPTER (177-192)
The effect of crisis in Eastern Mediterranean region on international tourist arrivals
 
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ABSTRACT
The fragility of tourism sector could be observed in many parts of the world. Instability of natural environment can be determining factor in turning away potential tourists from tourism destinations – earthquakes, volcano eruptions or tsunamis, as well as visible climate changes certainly decrease tourist arrivals to the regions where they have been reported. However, economic and political instability seems to have larger effects on the sector. Eastern Mediterranean region’s political instability after 2005 affected negatively its countries in numerous ways, including tourism. Purpose of this paper is to measure the effect of crisis in Eastern Mediterranean region on international tourist arrivals to all Mediterranean countries. Research period 2005–2013 covers outbreaks of several huge crises in the region. The leading hypothesis is that international tourist flow has generally switched from Eastern to Western Mediterranean countries within the research period, meaning that the largest “benefiters” of the political crisis in the Eastern Mediterranean countries are Western European Mediterranean countries, including the ones which were not involved into Arab spring happenings. In order to test hypothesis the desk research is done by analyzing various reports on tourism in Mediterranean region prepared by United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO).
 
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