Akademia Nauk Stosowanych
im. Alcide De Gasperi
BOOK CHAPTER (273-286)
Staphylococcus sp. as a modern health risk ?
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Wyższa Szkoła Gospodarki Euroregionalnej w Józefowie
Staphylococci are bacteria belonging to the human and animals natural microflora. The Staphylococcus genus includes 46 species and 24 subspecies. Some of the species were isolated only from animals and which may be pathogenic. A common factor of many diseases is Staphylococcus aureus, also known as “golden staph”, which can be isolated from almost any kind of clinical and veterinary material. Other Staphylococcus species can cause a range of human and animals illnesses, produced by many factors of virulence. According to the last studies, coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) cause very serious opportunistic and nosocomial infections. Although CNS not produce a huge number of virulence factors such as S. aureus, they are often antibiotics and biocides resistance, and produce biofilm in different ecological environment. These factors can lead to spread bacteria and achieving success as opportunistic pathogens. Staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) has been recognized by the Center for Disease Control (CDC) as a potential biological weapon. Staphylococci can be a source of interest to the beginner groups of terrorism because of their accessibility and commonness. Infections caused by virulent and multidrug resistant Staphylococcus strains can bring large losses for living creature and for the whole economy (agroterroryzm).
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