Akademia Nauk Stosowanych
im. Alcide De Gasperi
BOOK CHAPTER (167-188)
Social maladjustment of an individual or family – a discussion on causes of eating disorders in the light of results of empirical studies
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Anorexia and bulimia are very grave and sometimes fatal disorders. They are characterized by abnormal eating habits that may involve either insufficient or excessive food intake. Anorexia is characterized by refusal to maintain a healthy body weight and an obsessive fear of gaining weight. Bulimia is characterized by binge eating followed by compensatory behaviors such as purging (for example, self-induced vomiting, excessive use of laxatives/diuretics, or excessive exercise). Although these conditions are generally deemed as eating disorders, sometimes, especially in the case of bulimia nervosa, one can notice social maladjustment among these individuals. The authors of this article tried to verify if eating disorders may be caused by family restrictions in various spheres of functioning. Results of research showed that bulimic patients reported more restrictions than anorexic patients and are similar in this regard to schizophrenic patients. These results were discussed in the light of hypotheses and considerations about social maladjustment of bulimic patients.
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