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Wydawnictwo
WSGE
Wyższa Szkoła Gospodarki
Euroregionalnej
im. Alcide De Gasperi
BOOK CHAPTER (79-88)
Contemporary challenges in the area of shared management of the external borders of the European Union
 
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ABSTRACT
For the last two years the problem of security on the European Union’s external borders has become more and more important. In 2014, more than 276.000 migrants irregularly entered the EU – an increase of 159% compared to 2013. In 2015 detections of irregular border-crossing along the external borders already reached 1.820.000. This is over six times more than the number of detections in 2014. To enter the European Union via land, air or sea, most migrants turned to criminal networks of smugglers. At the same time the European Union’s external borders have also increasingly been the scene of human tragedies. We can notice that the migration in the European Union needs to be better managed in all its aspects and shared responsibility. In May 2015 the European Commission proposed the European Agenda on Migration. One of the most important aims of this programme was securing the external borders. This involves better management of the external border, in particular through solidarity towards those Member States that are located at the external borders and improving the efficiency of border crossings. On 15 December 2015, the European Commission adopted an important project of a new regulation – set of measures to manage the EU’s external borders and protect the Schengen area without internal borders. The aims of this proposal are, among others, to help to manage migration more effectively, improve the internal security in the EU and safeguard the principle of free movement of persons. One of the main elements of the new system will be the European Border and Coast Guard – to ensure strong and shared management of the external borders. The aim of the article is to indicate the most important ideas of the proposal for the shared management of the EU’s external borders. First of all, the article critically examines the Commission’s proposal for the establishment of the European Border and Coast Guard.
 
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