Wyższa Szkoła Gospodarki
im. Alcide De Gasperi
Prawo do nauki a obowiązek szkolny
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Uniwersytet Przyrodniczo-Humanistyczny w Siedlcach
The author in his article starts from the assumption that the social consciousness is fixed, the notion that maintaining and developing the potential of society depended on the implementation of cultural rights at the forefront of the right to education, understood more as a duty to science, as a duty to acquire education. During the work demanded constitutional guarantees a wide range of socio-cultural issues from the state. The final catalog match the standards of Western countries. Taking into account the right to education and a team of constitutional guarantees of that law, it must be acknowledged that even surpassed them. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights demanded free education for at least a basic level, the Polish solution increased the warranty is free of charge. While work on the Constitution existed among its authors agreed on the need to provide guarantees free of charge education in schools at primary and secondary education, particularly in the context of education, compulsory for 18 years. Recognize however, that the constitutions of European countries mostly ignore the silence of the scope of compulsory school age, leaving such issues to be resolved at the level of the law. Hence the "limit of 18 years" is the limit of high background circled in the legal systems of neighboring countries. Author critical of such regulation, because if such a limit of free education in public schools does not put government finances on the injury. If you realize the fact that spending on education in Poland since 1994, on average, accounted for just over 4 percent of public spending, those arguments seem to be understood. The author stresses that, although the significance of which is driven by the problem still is the lack of sociological analysis and teleological age limit for such an obligation.