Wyższa Szkoła Gospodarki
im. Alcide De Gasperi
Protecting minors from Internet threats. Legal instruments or alternative measures?
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Article about protection of minors from Internet threats provides a review of main questions within this problematic aspects. It focuses on issue concerning a dilemma of a choice the adequate way of safeguard their security in a new – determined by a stride of new communication technologies – environment. First, some basic definitions pertaining a legal perspective of the audiovisual media services and other Internet audiovisual services has been mentioned; as well as a description of notion of minors and their development, which is the particular subject of the protection. Then it is important to point out the different status of a child as a receiver of AMS and as a user of Internet and its implications to the scope and characteristics of the threats. Regarding a growing impact of Internet on children, from the criminological point of view, the threats should be divided into traditional and new risks. Relating to the basic premises of chosen legal and/or alternative methods of protection of minors, especially European soft and hard law and OECD recommendations have to be questioned. The core of the opportunity to solve the escalating problem of the protection of minors in Internet is to combine legal instruments and other methods in adequate way, taking into consideration the needed level of regulation and cooperation (international, domestic), technical criteria as well as kind and seriousness of threats.
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