PL EN
Wydawnictwo
WSGE
Wyższa Szkoła Gospodarki
Euroregionalnej
im. Alcide De Gasperi
ROZDZIAŁ KSIĄŻKI (13-36)
WIRTUALNE DZIECIŃSTWO – – REALNE ZAGROŻENIE DLA NAJMŁODSZYCH
 
Więcej
Ukryj
 
 
STRESZCZENIE
Problemy związane z szerokim dostępem do mediów cyfrowych i coraz częstszym kontaktem dzieci ze światem wirtualnym zapoczątkowuje nierzadko intensywny kontakt najmłodszych z nasyconymi agresją treściami przekazywanymi przez telewizję. Nie bez przyczyny naukowcy określają obecnie dzieciństwo najmłodszego pokolenia „telewizyjnym dzieciństwem”. Niestety, większość rodziców nie ustala żadnych zasad korzystania z mediów w domu1 . Rodzice rzadko też dyskutują z dziećmi na temat treści przekazów medialnych. Tymczasem kreowanie postawy świadomego odbiorcy tych treści wydaje się być niezmiernie ważne - zwłaszcza w obliczu wyników badań prezentowanych przez Heidi Fuller i Amy Damico2 , które pokazały, że większość dorastających dzieci uważa siebie za świadomych i niezagrożonych odbiorców mediów, co może świadczyć o niskim poziomie krytycyzmu wobec przyswajanych komunikatów.
 
REFERENCJE (37)
1.
Anderson D. R., Levin S. R., Young Children’s Attention to ‘Sesame Street’. “Child Development”, Vol. 47/1976.
 
2.
Beck R. C., Motivation. Theories and Principles. Prentice Hall, New Jersey 2004.
 
3.
Begeley S., Your Child’s Brain. “Newsweek”, 19 February 1996.
 
4.
Browne K., Hamilton-Giachristsis C., The Influence of Violent Media on Children and Adolescents: A Public Health Approach. “Lancet”, Vol. 365/2005.
 
5.
Carson N., Rodriguez D., Audrain-McGovern J., Investigation of Mechanisms Linking Media Exposure to Smoking in High School Students. “Preventive Medicine”, Vol. 41/2005.
 
6.
Chan P. A., Rabinowitz T., A Cross – Sectional Analysis of Video Games and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms in Adolescents. “Annals of General Psychiatry”, Vol. 5/2006.
 
7.
Considine D. M., From Gutenberg to Gates: Media Matters. “The Social Studies”, March/April 2009.
 
8.
Ennemoser M., Schneider W., Relations of Television Viewing and Reading: Findings from a 4-Year Longitudinal Study. “Journal of Educational Psychology”, Vol. 99/2007.
 
9.
Fuller H. A., Damico A. M., Keeping Pace With Teen Media Use: Implications and Strategies for Educators. “The Journal of Education Research”, Vol. 101 (6)/2008.
 
10.
Hamm S., Children of the Web. “Business Week”, 2 July 2007.
 
11.
Harrison K., Television Viewing, Fat Stereotyping, Body Shape Standards, and Eating Disorder Symptomology in Grade-School Children. “Communication Research”, Vol. 27/2000.
 
12.
Hobbs R., Frost R., Measuring the Acquisition of Media – Literacy Skills. “Reading Research Quarterly”, Vol. 38 (3)/2003.
 
13.
Kirkorian H. L., Age Differences in Eye Movements during Video Viewing. Dissertation, University of Massachusetts – Amherst 2007.
 
14.
Kirkorian H. L., Wartella E. A., Anderson D. R., Media and Young Children’s Learning. “The Future of Children”, Vol. 18 (1), spring 2008.
 
15.
Kohn A., Punished by Rewards. Houghton – Miffin, New York 1999.
 
16.
Koolstra C., Van der Voort T., Longitudinal Effects of Television on Children’s Leisure Time Reading: A Test of Three Explanatory Models. “Human Communication Research”, Vol. 23/1996.
 
17.
Larson K., Analyzing the Impact of Drugs, Violence, and Sex in the Media. “American Journal of Health Education”, Vol. 38/2007.
 
18.
McCabe M., Ricciardelli L., Parent, Peer and Media Influences on Body Image and Strategies to both Increase and Decrease Body Size among Adolescent Boys and Girls. “Adolescence”, Vol. 36(142)/2001.
 
19.
Milich R., Lorch E. P., Television Viewing Methodology to Understand Cognitive Processing of ADHD Children. In: T. H. Ollendick, R. J. Prinz (ed.), Advances in Clinical Child Psychology. Plenum Press, New York 1994.
 
20.
Mustacchi J., What’s Relevant for YouTubers? “Educational Leadership”, March 2008.
 
21.
Naigles L. R., Kako E. T., First Contact in Verb Acquisition : Defining a Role for Syntax. “Child Development”, Vol. 64/1993.
 
22.
Nash J. M., Fertile Minds. “Time”, 3 February 1997.
 
23.
Nikken P., Jansz J., Parental Mediation of Children’s Videogame Playing: A Comparison of the Reports by Parents and Children. “Learning, Media, and Technology”, Vol. 31/2006.
 
24.
Rice M. L., Woodsmall L., Lessons from Television: Children’s Word Learning When Viewing. “Child Development”, Vol. 59/1988.
 
25.
Rimmington D., Gast J., Cybersex Use and Abuse: Implications for Health Education. “American Journal of Health Education”, Vol. 38(1)/2007.
 
26.
Schmidt M. E., Vandewater E. A., Media and Attention, Cognition, and School Achievement. “The Future of Children”, Vol. 18 (1), spring 2008.
 
27.
Schmitt K. L., Anderson D. R., Television and Reality: Toddlers’ Use of Visual Information from Video to Guide Behavior. “Media Psychology”, Vol. 4/2002.
 
28.
Somers C., Tynan J., Consumption of Sexual Dialogue and Content on Television and Adolescent Sexual Outcomes: Multiethnic Findings. “Adolescence”, Vol. 41(161)/2006.
 
29.
Stern S., Messages from Teens on the Big Screen: Smoking, Drinking, and Drug Use in Teen-Centered Films. “Journal of Health Communication”, Vol. 10/2005.
 
30.
Taveras E. et. all, The Influence of Wanting to Look Like Media Figures on Adolescent Physical Activity. “Journal of Adolescent Health”, Vol. 35(1)/2004.
 
31.
Thomsen S., Weber M., Brown L., The Relationship between Health and Fitness Magazine Reading and Eating Disordered Weight Loss Methods among High School Girls. “American Journal of Health Educaton”, Vol. 32 3)/2001.
 
32.
Troseth G., TV Guide: Two-Year-Old Children Learn to Use Video as a Source of Information. “Developmental Psychology”, Vol. 39/2003.
 
33.
Troseth G., Saylor M. M., Archer A. H., Young Children’s Use of Video as a Source of Socially Relevant Information. “Child Development”, Vol. 77/2006.
 
34.
Villani S., Impact of Media on Children and Adolescents: A 10 – Year of the Research. “Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry”, Vol. 10 (4)/2001.
 
35.
Warren R., In Words and Deeds: Parental Involvement and Mediation of Children’s Television Viewing. “Journal of Family Communication”, Vol. 1/2001.
 
36.
Zimmerman F. J., Christakis D. A., Associations between Content Types of Early Media Exposure and Subsequent Attentional Problems. “Pediatrics”, Vol. 120/2007.